What are the causes of throat infection:
Although the most common causes are bacterial and viral infections.1 Throat infections can be caused by:

Bacterial infection (strep throat)
Parasitic infection
Fungal infection
Viral infection (cold, flu)
Tonsillitis (inflammation of the tonsils)
Cigarette smoke
Allergies (pollen, mold, dust mite)
excessive dryness due to congestion.2,3,5
Also Read: Viral Fever Home Remedies By Dr. Siddharth Gupta

Symptoms of a throat infection:
Symptoms may vary from person to person in terms of severity and duration. You may experience irritation and pain in the back of your mouth, tonsils, and neck. You may also experience symptoms such as swollen lymph nodes, fever, earache, and headache. 2,3 The most common symptoms of a throat infection are as follows.

Sore throat
General disorders
Loss of appetite
Throw up
Painful swallowing
Intestinal disease
Redness in the throat.3
Symptoms of a throat infection can be similar to other medical conditions; therefore, it is better to discuss the complete diagnosis with your doctors. 3
How to treat a throat infection at home:
You can try home remedies after a throat infection to relieve the pain.

  1. Honey (Shahad)
    Honey is probably the best home remedy for throat infection. Honey may have antibacterial and antiviral properties that help relieve cough and cold symptoms. In addition, it has a soothing effect, so it will quickly relieve sore throat. Mix one teaspoon of honey with half a teaspoon of cinnamon before going to bed. This medicine will help clear the airways. Honey and butter can be used with hot fresh ginger paste to relieve sore throat and cough. 6
  2. Omum (Ajwain)
    Ajwain leaves and seeds are used in Indian cooking. Ajwain is used in Indian home remedies for colds and coughs. It may have antibacterial, antioxidant, antifungal, and bronchodilating properties. In addition, it can have an expectorant effect (helps clear nasal mucus and mucus). It can also relieve coughing and sneezing. 6

Ajwain seeds contain 2-4.4% thymol oil, which can be used for throat infections. Keep 2-3 teaspoons of ajwain in hot oil (coconut oil) for some time. When cooling, use this oil to massage your chest, back, and nose. This will help relieve chest congestion.

  1. Garlic (Lahsan)
    Garlic should be considered for throat infections. Garlic contains a compound called allicin, which boosts the body’s immune system and helps fight viral infections. Some laboratory studies have shown that garlic contains the enzyme alliinase, which may be associated with antiviral activity against various types of viruses.6

Chewing raw cloves of garlic can be a good remedy for throat infections. Garlic can be difficult to eat whole, so have it with vegetables and hot soups.

  1. Ginger (Adrak)
    Ginger can be found in every Indian kitchen. Ginger contains unique compounds such as zingerone and ginger, which prevent the virus from entering the body and stopping it from multiplying. Fresh ginger may have antiviral activity against human respiratory viruses.6

You can make ginger tea by boiling a few slices of fresh ginger in a cup of water. Boil for 3-5 minutes and then strain the water. Drink this ginger tea 2-3 times a day for relaxation.

  1. Mint (Pudina)
    Research shows that pudina may have antiviral, antioxidant, and antibacterial properties. In addition, it improves immunity and is useful in fighting respiratory infections. 6

Boil a few mint leaves in a cup of water to overcome the symptoms of a throat infection. Rinse off with this lukewarm water. You can also inhale the smoke; It may help with nasal congestion.

  1. Turmeric (Haldi)
    Studies have shown that turmeric (curcumin) does not have any harmful effects on the human body. Turmeric contains curcuminoids, a polyphenol that has antiviral, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antifungal properties. Turmeric milk may be one of the effective remedies for sore throat. Add some turmeric powder to hot milk, stir well and drink it 2-3 times a day. It is helpful in improving immunity and preventing viral infection symptoms. 6
  2. Black pepper (Kali Mirch)
    Black pepper is a traditional Indian spice. It contains quercetin, which boosts the immune system to relieve cold and cough symptoms. It may have antiviral, antibacterial, and expectorant properties that help break up mucus and phlegm buildup in the respiratory tract. It can also relieve nasal and sinus congestion. 6 Take hot water and add some black pepper powder. Stir well and drink slowly.
  3. Basil (Tulsi)
    Basil or tulsi is an aromatic Ayurvedic herb.

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