What is a stroke?
A stroke is an injury to the brain caused by something that blocks the blood supply to the brain, such as a blood clot. This is called an ischemic stroke. Strokes can also occur when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures and puts pressure on the brain. This is called hemorrhagic stroke.
Five signs to prevent stroke
Numbness or weakness on one side of your body
Confusion (difficulty speaking, difficulty understanding others, etc.)
Vision is deteriorating
Dizziness and loss of balance can make walking difficult
If you experience any of these symptoms, call 911 immediately.
If you suspect someone is having a stroke, use the following tests to help identify symptoms.
Drooping face: Ask the person to smile and observe if their face droops to one side
Hand Weakness: Observe if the person raises their arms and one arm goes down
Speech difficulties: Ask the person to repeat the sentence and slur the words.
Timing: Call 911 immediately if you experience any of these symptoms in someone
It is important to note the time of onset of symptoms, as doctors need this information to create the right treatment plan.
How early do symptoms appear?
Although stroke symptoms can appear suddenly, there is still time to act quickly. Some people experience symptoms several days before a stroke. 43% of people who had a stroke had symptoms within a week of the stroke. These symptoms include headache, numbness and/or tingling.
Emergency treatment of stroke
Treatment is done in the hospital
Ischemic stroke should be treated with “anticoagulants” within the first 3 hours after the first symptoms of stroke.
Hemorrhagic strokes are treated with other drugs or surgery to stop bleeding and save brain tissue. Endovascular treatment is usually done by repairing weak or damaged blood vessels.
Rehabilitation begins a day or two after the stroke and includes speech therapy, physical therapy, and occupational therapy.
What type of brain damage does a stroke cause?
Some injuries that can occur after a stroke include:
Difficulties with learning and memory
Difficulty creating and understanding speech
Numbness in the body
Pain in hands and feet
Bladder and bowel control problems